Obsolete, except for the experimental anti-submarine warfare sensor they carried, the USS Hammerberg, DE-1015, the USS Courtney, DE-1021 and the USS Lester, DE-1022 went to the Mediterranean to demonstrate the potential of a technology that relied on a passive towed array detection system; what the Navy officially designated as the Interim Towed Array Surveillance System (ITASS). These Tailships entered the Med in 1970. It was then that the US and NATO navies operated in a naval environment characterised by the most intense concentration of Soviet submarines and surface ships outside of Soviet home waters. The Mediterranean was the focal point in the great naval rivalry of the United States, with its NATO Allies, against the Soviet Unions Voyenno-morskoi flot. When deployed as Tailships, these DEs proved successful against Soviet submarines that the US Navy committed additional resources to refining the capability of passive towed array sonars. The development of the Towed Array Surveillance System (TASS), the Surveillance Towed Array Sonar System (SURTASS) and the Tactical Towed Array Sonar (TACTASS) deployable systems were direct follow-ons to ITASS. The ships deployment occurred during a time when the United States was torn apart by the war in Vietnam. Although far away, the effect of Vietnam on the ships crews as well as the Sixth Fleet reflected the greater turmoil within the society they served. The turmoil was evident in the competition for resources to keep the ships steaming and in personnel tensions among the crews. Additionally, the ships and men operated in a sea surrounded by increasing tensions in the Middle East. While stationed in Naples, Italy, the Palestinian Black September Organisation created terror across Europe during the summer of 1972, with the massacre of the Israeli Olympic athletes in Munich, West Germany. That summer would see these sailors spending nights in Naples standing anti-terrorist watches with loaded weapons, whilst the pinging of an active sonar system would echo throughout the hulls of the moored ships. It was thought this would discourage swimmers wanting to plant explosive devices on ship hulls. The objective of this book is simply to tell the story of these three ships and their men within the context of the greater events of the Cold War at sea in the Mediterranean; the successes and failures of operating in the Mediterranean, and life for those who call Naples their temporary home.This is the history of the US Navys deployment of the first passive towed array sonar used against Soviet submarines operating in the Mediterranean during the early 1970s. AUTHOR: Captain Rodgaard has over 41 years with the naval service of the United States, to include 12 years as a petty officer and 29 years of commissioned service as a naval intelligence officer. 15 colour and 85 b/w pgotographs, 12 maps/nautical charts, 6 tables, 6 colour artworks
Captain John Rodgaard, USN (Ret.) has 41 years in the US Navy, with 29 years as a naval intelligence officer. His published works are A Call To The Sea: Captain Charles Stewart of The USS Constitution; A Hard Fought Ship: The Story of HMS Venomous, and From Across the Sea: North Americans In Nelsons Navy. He is a recipient of the Naval Institutes History Author of the Year. He has contributed numerous articles/reviews to maritime/naval history periodicals. He co-edits The 1805 Clubs The Trafalgar Chronicle. Rodgaard holds an A.B. in History and Political Science; an M.A. in Political Science, and is a 1994 Naval War College graduate.